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Predictive Factors and Psychosocial Effects of Internet Addictive Behaviors in Cypriot Adolescents

Predictive factors and psychosocial effects of Internet addictive behaviors in Cypriot adolescentsFull Article Title: Predictive Factors and Psychosocial Effects of Internet Addictive Behaviors in Cypriot Adolescents

Open Access: No


Background: Internet addictive behaviors are associated with a plethora of psychosocial adversities. The study objectives were to assess the determinants and psychosocial correlates associated with Internet addictive behaviors among adolescents. 
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study design was applied among a random sample (n = 805) of Cypriot adolescents (mean age: 14.7 years). Self-completed questionnaires, including Internet use characteristics, Young  Internet Addiction Test, and Strengths and Difficulties  Questionnaire, were utilized. 
Results: Among the study population, the prevalence rates of borderline addictive Internet use (BIU) and addictive Internet use (AIU) were 18.4% and 2%, respectively. Adolescents with BIU had an increased likelihood of concomitantly presenting with abnormal peer relations (AOR: 5.28; 95% confidence interval, CI: 3.37– 23.38), conduct problems (AOR: 4.77; 95% CI: 2.82–8.08),  hyperactivity (AOR: 5.58; 95% CI: 2.58–12.10) and emotional symptoms (AOR: 2.85; 95% CI: 1.53–5.32). Adolescent AIU was significantly associated with abnormal conduct (AOR: 22.31; 95% CI: 6.90–72.19), peer problems  (AOR: 7.14; 95% CI: 1.36–37.50), emotional symptoms  (AOR: 19.06; 95% 6.06–60.61), and hyperactivity (AOR:  9.49, 95% CI: 1.87–48.19). The determinants of BIU and  AIU included accessing the Internet for the purposes of retrieving sexual information (AOR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.17– 3.23) and participating in games with monetary awards  (AOR: 1.90; 95% CI: 1.15–3.14). 
Conclusions: Both BIU and AIU were adversely associated with notable behavioral and social maladjustment among adolescents. 


Critselis, E., Janikian, M., Paleomilitou, N., Oikonomou, D., Kassinopoulos, M., Kormas, G., & Tsitsika, A. (2014). Predictive factors and psychosocial effects of internet addictive behaviors in Cypriot adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 26(3), 369–75.


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